What Size Tank Should A Turtle Have?

Turtles as pets can seem like a lucrative idea. They’re slow, not very picky about their meals and usually swim around in a tank. They might not be friendly and loving as dogs or the adorably squishy as cats but can easily outlive both by a huge margin. As they can live for decades together, it’s really important for you to ensure you can stay committed to them. Their proper and healthy survival entails proper nutrition and housing to be taken care of, and irrespective of what kind of turtle you’re planning to adopt, you should ensure its comfort and safety throughout its lifetime.

The most important thing to cater to when considering a turtle as a pet is the tank. It’s this enclosure that you need to be careful about because it’s within this little glass-walled area that the turtle is most likely to spend the rest of his life, depending on how you plan to take care of one. While there are many fancy tanks from reputed manufacturers available, some of the best turtle tanks are those that are personally built.

Some factors to consider when setting up a tank for your amphibious friend

What Size Tank Should A Turtle Have?

The tank size

This is a simple one. The largest possible tank is undoubtedly the best one. However, there’s more to this than meets the eye. The size of a tank depends mostly on the area you have to spare and where you’re planning to keep it. Ideally, it should be able to hold a minimum of 10 gallons or 38L of water. This figure also depends on the species of turtle you get along with whether it’s just a baby and has room to grow or already a full-grown adult and won’t be getting any bigger.

You need to ensure that the turtle also gets enough room to swim. If he is bound to grow, a small tank be too soon be unable to accommodate him at all. The depth of the tank should be at least twice his size to give him room to swim around in. And have a lockable cover so that your pet doesn’t try to make a run for it.

The inside of the tank

What Size Tank Should A Turtle Have?

Now that you’ve decided how big the enclosure is going to be, time to start the transformation from a simple glass box to a home for the turtle. The basic is to cover the layer of the tank with moss or soil. A perfect mixture of soil, wood chips, and moss can be the perfect lining for the base of the tank. Cover at least 2-3 cms of the bottom with this mixture. Be sure to avoid gravel as it can lose a choking hazard to the turtle.

The next stage

As turtles are amphibious in nature, it means they need their fair share of air when they are done swimming all day. To accommodate this, ensure your mixture prepared to previously line up the bottom of the tank is used and set in such a way that a portion of it is always clear of the water and stays dry. This is important as the turtle can then rest here when it’s taking a  break from its underwater adventures and just wants to lay low.

Ensure this little bank is at an angle easy enough for the turtle to ascend and descend without any issues. Try and get a little hiding box to add to the overall comfort of your pet. And depending on the kind of turtle you’re planning to keep, the hiding box and the swimming area can be accordingly divided.

Adding to the overall comfort of the tank

What Size Tank Should A Turtle Have?

Invest in a heating lamp for the rest spot and a filter to keep the tank clean. As turtles are reptiles, it’s important to regulate the temperature and give them both hot and cold sides to dwell in is important for their growth. The lamp along with a thermometer can help you ensure that the temperature of one side always stays between 29° and 32°C. Regulating the temperature in the night can also prove helpful as the tank shouldn’t go lower than 16°C. As for a filter, it’s simple. Installing one will keep the water clean so that it doesn’t get too murky and keep it inhabitable conditions for the turtle. You’ll also need to clean the tank every day using a net where the filter fails to do its job.

Finishing the job by adding the aquatic touch to the mix

Now that your basic tank is ready, it’s time to make it rain. Add in the water for your guests to swim around in. It can be tap water as long as the chlorine levels don’t kiss the sky. Ensure you add in the water according to the kind of turtle you’ve decided to raise, as too much can drown it and too little can be uncomfortable. As for the chlorine levels in the water, it should be South of 0. Any higher means you should either use bottled water or invest in a de-chlorinator for the tank.

These are some factors to keep in mind while thinking of getting a turtle for a pet. A good tank isn’t the most expensive one in the market, but one that you can take care of and cater to the needs of your pet. You can also invest in other items to make the tank look prettier, but keep in mind it shouldn’t be anything that can be harmful to the safety of the turtle. Species of the turtles are different and thus the needs can vary. It’s important to ensure you read up well about what you’re going to adopt before you get yourself a turtle. When you find the turtle growing too big for the tank, it’s advisable to switch it to a bigger and best turtle tanks so that it can continue to swim freely and enjoy its life as your pet.

How To Raise A Rabbit Indoors?

Rabbits are actually quite interesting, these animals can be found in the wild and can also be found in homes as domestic pets. They are fuzzy little creatures that usually require a lot of care and attention when being raised domestically. In the wild they have a lifespan of 1-2 years, but in domestic cases they can surpass 2 years without a doubt, rabbits can live for over 9 years. Rabbits that are being raised domestically can be raised outdoor or indoors. When taking care of rabbit indoors there are certain measures that have to be taken so it can be fully equipped to the environment. They require certain foods, space to run around, as they are speedy little creatures, and they require special bedding like guinea pig bedding.

Before you get a rabbit consider this

Now as rabbits require extra attention some the things you need to do and should know before you choose to bring a rabbit into your home is to;

  • Safe indoor housing so they can freely jump around anywhere without any dangers. As rabbits need to be free, the enclosure should be large enough so they do not feel trapped.
  • You will need to bunny proof your house, this is so that they don’t gnaw at everything they find. They maybe cute, fluffy little animals, but they can a highly destructive.
  • Litter boxes need to be set up they are usually trained for it. They aren’t like guinea pigs who discharge on their beddings. These liter boxes are usually made out of hay and kept in a corner of a room, the rabbit has to be trained in order for him or her to finally understand the concept.
  • Make sure that enough food of different variations are bought. Rabbits are not just carrot eaters, they are entailed for more. Rabbits favour different greens and hay, grass. Another interesting fact is that they eat pineapple, which is used to help with digestion.
  • Frequent vet visits. These furry little animals need to be checked up more frequent that other animals, they need to vaccinated, and checked for parasites. They also tend to get sick easily.

What do rabbits need in their enclosures?

How To Raise A Rabbit Indoors?

Rabbit’s enclosures have to large in size, especially when they are being raised indoors, they need to have the maximum space available to jump around. In these enclosures there are a couple of items that are necessary, like;

  • Water and food bowls
  • Litter box
  • Toys

Food and water is a necessity for everyone, so it is the most important thing when it comes to rabbits. They have to be fed and given clean water to drink. Different rabbits drink water from different objects as some may drink from drinkers or some may drink from water bowls. So it is important to know which one your rabbit prefers. Rabbits tends to drink 50-150mls per kilo of their body weight, but it will depend on whether it is hot day, or lactating, or if they are pregnant.

When it comes to food it should be given according to their body weight, sex, age and more. Some may have dietary restrictions, so it is always important check with your vet. Some foods that are good rabbits are greens like basil, broccoli, cabbage, Brussel sprouts, and hay, grass, straw so they can chew on it just when they feel like it.

The second most important aspect of a rabbit cage is the litter box and the bedding. Bedding is used so that your pet is comfortable, and has cushions to support them. The best bedding to choose is guinea pig bedding this is just straw, or hay or saw dust. It is used for both. The bedding needs to be at least 5-6 inches. You can even fill it with newspapers for comfort. The bedding needs to be more absorbent, as rabbits will mostly likely spend their time in the litter box.

Choosing bedding

When choosing bedding there are a couple of things that have to talked about like the odour as some rabbits tend to smell, so it would be beneficial if the bedding was odour controlling. They also need to be absorbent, choosing a highly absorbent one is better as then it requires to be changed less frequently. And the rabbits will stay drier. Moreover the safety of the rabbits need to be taken into consideration, as some of the beddings could be toxic, so always make sure that they don’t have any chemicals in it. It is also beneficial for the bedding to be dust free, and comfortable for the rabbits. Plus if the bedding was eco-friendly then it won’t cost you much, and you will be saving money.

Rabbits also love toys, so make sure to buy a couple of toys like stuffed animals as they find it appealing in their eyes. Or small chew toys. These are all good options, so make sure your rabbit has at least one so they won’t be bored and lonely.

So basically if all of these are in an enclosure then you’re already to take care of your pet.

Will this drain my bank account?

Well if you truly think about caring for rabbits indoors it’s no easy task. There are a lot of hurdles to get through. Now if you really want a rabbit you have to consider their breed, as different breeds are different prices. They could range from $20-$40 in pet stores, and breeders would cost above $100, which is fairly expensive. However you can also adopt rather than purchasing. Now as just a rabbit costs for $20 dollars there are various other expenses that have to be covered. Like the cage, an indoor cage would cost approximately $50-$100. It isn’t as bad of a price as you think as it is a one time investment, so it would leave you with a high quality cage which can be used over multiple times.

However there are everyday expenses to cover like the bedding, food, and toys, so overall at least $40 a month. And this is not the final costs that you have to endure, there are healthcare costs. It would costa around another $35-$40 for regular check ups.

Now having, and taking care of a rabbit is hard work, it is just like looking after a baby. Even though the costs may seem a bit expensive it will all be worth it in the end.

Of Wolf and Dog

Wolfdogs (also known as wolf hybrids) are unique animals. Many people wish to own them as a means of bringing a “piece of the wild” into their homes. They are beautiful, intelligent, and fascinating canines.
But, unfortunately, there is much more misinformation about the wolfdog breed type available to the general public than there is fact-based scientifically-supported information.
As a result, not many people have a proper understanding of what wolfdogs truly are. Experts estimate that as many as 75% of all claimed “wolfdogs” in the USA aren’t actually wolfdogs at all, but are instead misrepresented mixed-breed domestic canines.
So, what makes a wolfdog?
In the most basic sense of the term, a wolfdog is a dog with recent wolf ancestry, and which shows physical, biological, and behavioral traits of that lupine heritage (for more information on identifying these traits, click here). They are created using one of three common domestic dog breeds: German shepherds, huskies, malamutes, and mixes thereof.
It is highly uncommon for wolfdogs to be crossed with any other breed. This is because part of the point of breeding wolfdogs is to accentuate their primitive and wild looks. Crossing wolfdogs to huskies, malamutes, and German shepherds helps to increase the looks-to-behavior ratio. When selectively bred, even a low-content animal can look quite wolfy to the general public, but still behave primarily dog-like.
Wolfdogs are also rarely created from crossing a pure wolf to a domestic dog; instead, most wolfdogs are created from crossing wolfdogs to wolfdogs, or wolfdogs to dogs. Very few individuals in the USA actually own pure wolves for breeding purposes. Those who do rarely breed outside of select lines.

How Much Wolf?

The amount of wolf in a wolfdog is described in terms of content (not in percentages or fractions) and is broken down into several different levels. Low-content wolfdogs (which are significantly more dog than wolf); mid-content wolfdogs (which are about equal parts wolf and dog); and high-content wolfdogs (which are significantly more wolf than dog).
Pictured below, from left to right, are a low-content, a mid-content, and a high-content wolfdog with similar coloration. Despite the comparable appearances at first glance, they are actually quite varied when you begin to look closely at the subtle difference between each animals’ ears, eyes, body build, and facial structure:

The amount of wolf in a wolfdog cannot be determined by a DNA test, nor are there any reputable breed registries for wolfdogs available. Currently, DNA tests, even those offered through veterinary offices, remain inaccurate, likely due to the fact that wolves and dogs are so closely-related that false positives and false negatives are very common.
On a similar note, breed registries like the Continental Kennel Club (also known as the CKC) are infamously well-known for registering just about any dog as a purebred this-or-that on the condition that the breeders send them money, even if the animal is not what it’s claimed to be. As a result, it is just as easy for a breeder to register a black lab/shepherd mix as a purebred Groenendael as it is to register a husky/malamute mix as a wolfdog. Paperwork does not prove wolf content. You can read more on this topic, and see some real-life examples, on our “Don’t Get Scammed” page.
Vets, too, are not always a reliable source of information when it comes to determining whether or not a particular dog is “part wolf”; as vets are not currently taught to identify wolf traits by means of phenotyping at any point during their training. As such, it is disappointingly common for vets to assume an animal has wolf content based on misinformation.
For more detailed information on wolfdog content, and understanding the difference between each one, please visit the page in the link below:

Further Explanation of Wolfdog Content

Breed Specifics

Wolfdogs typically weigh between 70 to 100 pounds. Claims of animals significantly larger than that are usually flights of fancy. While wolves up to 140+ pounds have been recorded in the wild, these animals are very few and far between, and are considered an abnormal occurrence. Wolfdogs, even those mixed with large breeds like malamute and German shepherd, rarely reach more than 120 pounds in weight.


The animal pictured at left is a resident at Howling Woods Farm in Jackson, New Jersey, and, despite its enormous looks compared to the human in this image, weighs just shy of 100 pounds. He is mixed with malamute, accounting for his bulky build.
Wolfdogs, depending on content, and the breed(s) they are mixed with, have a rather varied appearance. But since they are mixed with husky, malamute, or German shepherd, it’s uncommon to find animals of any content that display traits such as floppy ears, brindle or merle markings, wiry coats, or brachycephalic facial structure.
Instead, wolfdogs are quite literally defined by their lupine attributes, and that typically means a long pointed muzzle, upright ears, a long body, and lanky build. They have double coats comprised of dense under-fur with a top layer of glossy guard hairs scattered throughout, and range in color from black to white, but seem to be most commonly found in a gray/cream hue known as agouti.
Depending on the wolf content, the temperament of a particular animal varies; generally-speaking, though, higher-content animals are more prone to exhibit intense “primitive” behaviors, such as escape artist tendencies, high prey drive, destructive curiosity, excessive mouthiness, skittishness in new places and situations, and a propensity to be more independent and “stubborn”.
Higher-content animals are also more likely to display lupine biological traits in conjunction with their behavioral ones. Thus, you will never have a higher-content animal that acts like a dog but looks like a wolf, no more so than you will have an animal that acts like a wolf but looks like a dog.

Make a Difference With your Support!

Pack West is in constant need of volunteers and foster homes. Foster families, in particular, are the lifeblood of our organization, and we’re currently seeking experienced, responsible individuals who are willing and able to open their homes and hearts to animals in need.

Caring for a wolfdog (especially a higher-content one) is no easy task, and in fact, it takes a very special lifestyle to be able to accommodate one. Pack West offers monthly incentives to long-term wolfdog fosters to help cover costs of food, medical care, and containment. To be a wolfdog-specific foster, please fill out our foster application below, and include proof of prior experience when you submit the completed form.
Not all of the canines we rescue have wolf content – in fact, many are domestic-breed look-a-likes such as huskies, malamutes, German shepherds, or mixes thereof. We’re seeking people in Washington and Oregon who can provide temporary and long-term homes for these misplaced and abused canines, as well. Caring for them is usually much easier than caring for wolf-content canines, but incentives are still available for those capable of providing exceptional long-term foster homes.
Fostering animals isn’t easy, especially when it’s time to give them up to their new families. But without fosters, Pack West would not exist. We’re constantly hard-pressed for room in rescue, and there are more animals in need than we have kennels to provide. Opening your home to a pup in need is perhaps the most direct and rewarding way to save animals from lives of abandonment, abuse, and neglect.

​Other Ways to Help Pack West

Another way to help us in a more direct manner is to support us with Amazon Smile, or purchase items for us from our Amazon Wish List. These items are important to Pack West’s ability to operate, and include materials such as leashes, collars, food, kennels, and building supplies for our containment.